Rear-end collisions can be dangerous. Anyone involved in a rear-end collision might get out of it unharmed but there is always property damage. In a majority of these cases, there are medical bills as well in addition to the property damage to deal with. The individual responsible for the rear-end collision faces the possibility to pay for traffic tickets and even abrupt penalties in case damages are not covered by their insurance policies.
Some of the common injuries that result from rear-end collisions include:
- Whiplash injuries
- Back injuries
- Head and face injuries
- Arm and leg injuries
- Seatbelt injuries
Whiplash is an injury that refers to the rigidity in the neck and the shoulder area and happens when the victim of an accident is abruptly and fiercely thrown in a forward direction because of the force of a collision. When this happens, the victim moves forward and then backward forcefully due to which the neck and spine experience a movement beyond their normal range of motion. A sudden movement like this one is known as whiplash.
According to the National Highway Traffic Security Administration (NHTSA), victims of 20% of rear-end collision cases suffer from whiplash injury. 80% of those experience pain and soreness for a week and 50% experience pain and soreness for a period of about a year.
When a car gets hit by a collision, the force of the collision can hurt the spine of the individual really bad. The human spine is a delicate structure that cannot resist the impact that man-made machines can impose. A rear-end collision can result in the compression of the spine that can lead to an injury to the spinal discs, injury to the facet joint, or even injury to the spinal nerves.
Head and Face Injury
Most cars are equipped with airbags that protect the head and face in case of a collision. Airbags get deployed when a collision of about 20 mph happens. Most rear-end collisions happen at low speeds, therefore, there is a chance that an airbag may not appear in a rear-end collision. In such cases, the face of the driver may bang into the steering wheel resulting in damage to the nose, crack to the cheek or jawbone, damage to the eye sockets, or in worst cases, a traumatic brain injury.
Arm and Hand Injuries
The abrupt force of a rear-end collision can result in injuries to the arms, shoulders, hands, fingers and wrists. The force of the collision can cause these body parts to shake brutally, jam into something, get stuck or sometimes even break. Although these injuries do not sound severe, a disability of these body parts can make the life of the victim really difficult.
A seatbelt may be successful in saving the face of an individual from slamming into the steering wheel but as the body is thrust forward from the force of the collision, the strap may tear the skin, bruise the body or add to a whiplash.